Why PT is Crucial to Recovery From Injury
Physical therapy or PT is a type of treatment that involves the use of a variety of modalities, manual therapy, exercises and even counselling that allows a person to recover from a medical condition or illness and return to normal functions. Through physical therapy, a patient can improve both his strength and mobility and manage pain. In some cases, physical therapy is used in lieu of invasive procedures.
Physical therapy is recommended for people who suffered from accidents and injuries, people who have undergone surgery and those who are dealing with debilitating conditions like lower back pain. In some cases, a person can undergo physical therapy sessions in order to prepare him for a surgery, thus making the recovery process shorter.
If you are a professional athlete or even a weekend warrior who casually engages in golf, tennis or even running, a physical therapist can help you bounce back faster from an injury.
Injuries to an athlete can occur practically any time – while training or while competing. Among the leading causes of injuries to people who engage in physical activities are inadequate warm-up, poor training and insufficient conditioning. In some cases, an athlete can injure himself due to the overuse of muscles.
Physical therapists can help injured athletes in a number of ways. First, these professionals can help athletes regain their strength and range of motion post-injury through the use of exercises, stretches and specialist equipment. Should the patient suffer from pain, physical therapists help him cope with the pain without being dependent on medication. Physical therapy is also useful in preventing further damage to the injured body part and even in the prevention of the injury from happening again.
Recovery from an injury can be divided into three phases: the acute, sub-acute and chronic phase. Physical therapists acknowledge the role that time plays in recovery from injury, thus the treatment recommended to the patient will depend on what recovery phase the patient is at.
During the initial recovery phase or the acute phase, the goal is to facilitate healing while reducing inflammation through PRICE or protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation.
In the next phase, the sub-acute phase, the patient is slowly eased back into his normal condition through the use of strengthening and motion exercises.
In the last phase or chronic phase, the goal is to put the patient in a condition that is close to the one he was in prior to the injury.